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Discover America

South Carolina
( The Palmetto State )
South Carolina Map South Carolina is the southern portion of the original 1629 land grant made by England's King Charles I, which was named in his honor (Carolus is Latin for Charles). Settled by the English in 1670, South Carolina was based on a plantation culture with an aristocratic, wealthy society that was dependent on black slave labor. One of the original 13 colonies, South Carolina was first formed in 1729 when the Carolina colony was divided in two to form North and South Carolina. The attack on Fort Sumter in the Charleston harbor launched the Civil War. Today, South Carolina is a growing research center and banking state. South Carolina has retained many features of the South of pre-Civil War days. Graceful buildings, erected before the war, stand in Charleston, Beaufort and other cities. Large plantations, which were once the backbone of the South's economy, still remain in parts of South Carolina. The state's mountains, seashores and historic sites make the state an ideal vacationland. Some of the famous celebrities that were born in South Carolina include: Chris Rock, Stanley Donen, Joe Frazier, Eartha Kitt,

The Flag of South Carolina
South Carolina state flag Ratified the Constitution on 1788 as the eighth State; flag adopted in 1861. Troops defending harbor forts during the Revolutionary War displayed a blue flag with a white crescent. The state tree was added to the flag when South Carolina proclaimed its independence in 1861.

Largest Cities in the State
(2000) Columbia, 116,278; Charleston, 96,650; North Charleston, 79,641; Greenville, 56,002; Rock Hill, 49,765; Mount Pleasant Town, 47,609; Spartanburg, 39,673; Sumter, 39,643; Hilton Head Island town, 33,862; Florence, 30,248
Business and Trade in South Carolina
Agriculture: Tobacco, poultry, cattle, dairy products, soybeans, hogs.

Industries: Textile goods, chemical products, paper products, machinery, tourism.

State Symbols and Emblems
  • Bird: Great Carolina Wren
  • Flower: Yellow Jessamine (gelsemium sempervirens)
  • Tree: Cabbage Palmetto (sabal palmetto)
  • Song(s): Carolina
  • Motto: Animis Opibusque Parati (Prepared in Soul and Resources) Dum Spiro Spero (While I Breathe, I Hope)

South Carolina Travel - Vacation Destinations & Recreation
National parks and historic locations suitable for family vacations or day trips.

Fort Sumter National Monument - Sullivan's Island
Kings Mountain National Military Park - Blacksburg
Savannah River Scenic Highway - Columbia
Ninety Six National Historic Site - Ninety Six
Cowpens National Battlefield - Chesnee
capital  Capital: Columbia

statehood  Statehood: 1788-05-23

population  Population:
4,012,012 (133.2 mi2)

geographic area   Geographic Area (mi2)
    Total 32,020.20
    Water 1,910.73
    Land 30,109.47
    Rank 40th Largest

education   State Education:
    Pub & Prv Schools
    College & University

border states   Border States: Georgia, North Carolina

state health   Health Information:
    Illicit Drug Use
    Youth Risk Survey

housing   Housing: In South Carolina, there are 1,753,670 housing units, averaging to 58.2 per sq mile.

state magazines  Related Magazines:
Posters and Artwork
Old Cotton Barn, Beech Island, South Carolina
Old Cotton Barn, Beech Island, South Carolina
Art Print 32" x 26"

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Data Sources: US State Department, DOS IIP, and NetCent Communications' Development.