( The Keystone State )
Although Swedes and Dutch were the first European settlers, William Penn, a Quaker, named Pennsylvania in honor of his father by combining the name Penn and the Latin term sylvania, which translates as "woodlands", to come up with "Penn's woodlands." Pennsylvania was the second of the original 13 states of the Union (1787). Today, two major cities dominate the state - Philadelphia, home of the Liberty Bell, Constitution Hall, and a thriving metropolitan area, and Pittsburgh, a busy inland river port. Pennsylvania is one of the nation's most historic states. Philadelphia is often called the cradle of the American Nation. It was here that the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were drawn up by the founding fathers. The Pocono Mountains and the Delaware Water Gap provide popular recreational activities. The Pennsylvania Dutch region in south-central Pennsylvania is another favorite of sightseers. Some Pennsylvania Dutch groups, including the Amish and the Mennonites, are called the Plain People; they live and dress as their ancestors did, with no modern conveniences.
Some of the famous celebrities that were born in Pennsylvania include:
The Flag of Pennsylvania|
Ratified the Constitution on 1787 as the second State; flag adopted in 1907. The coat of arms incorporates a ship for commerce and a plow and wheat sheaves for agriculture. Draft horses, the American eagle, and the State motto complete the design.
Largest Cities in the State|
(2000) Philadelphia, 1,517,550; Pittsburgh, 334,563; Allentown, 106,632; Erie, 103,717; Upper Darby township (Delaware County), 81,821; Reading, 81,207; Scranton, 76,415; Bethlehem, 71,329; Lower Merion township (Montgomery County), 59,850; Bensalem township (Bucks County), 58,434
Business and Trade in Pennsylvania
Agriculture: Dairy products, poultry, cattle, nursery stock, mushrooms, hogs, hay.
Industries: Food processing, chemical products, machinery, electric equipment, tourism.
State Symbols and Emblems
- Bird: Ruffed Grouse
- Flower: Mountain Laurel
- Tree: Eastern Hemlock
- Song(s): Pennsylvania
- Motto: Virtue, Liberty, and Independence
12,281,054 (274 mi2)
Geographic Area (mi2)
Rank 32rd Largest
Pub & Prv Schools
College & University
Border States: Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, West Virginia
Illicit Drug Use
Housing: In Pennsylvania, there are 5,249,750 housing units, averaging to 117.1 per sq mile.