( The Empire State )
The Dutch were the first settlers in New York, establishing Fort Orange near Albany in 1624 and New Amsterdam on the island of Manhattan a year later. After the English took over in the 1660s, the colony was renamed New York, after the Duke of York. One of the original 13 states to join the Union (it entered in 1788), New York is known as the "Empire State." The state includes everything from skyscrapers in Manhattan to rivers, mountains, and lakes in upstate New York. Niagara Falls is one of the chief attractions. New York is the leading center of banking, finance and communication in the United States. Much of the state's greatness lies in exciting New York City, the largest city in the United States and the fourth largest city in the world; its many theaters, museums, and musical organizations make it one of the cultural centers of the Western Hemisphere.
Some of the famous celebrities that were born in New York include:
The Flag of New York|
Ratified the Constitution in 1788 as the 11th State; flag adopted in 1901. The coat of arms shows a scene along the Hudson River, framed by goddesses of liberty and justice. The American eagle surmounts the world at the top; the motto "Excelsior" appears below.
Largest Cities in the State|
(2000) New York, 8,008,278; Buffalo, 292,648; Rochester, 219,773; Yonkers, 196,086; Syracuse, 147,306; Albany, 95,658; New Rochelle, 72,182; Mount Vernon, 68,381; Schenectady, 61,821; Utica, 60,651
Business and Trade in New York
Agriculture: Dairy products, cattle and other livestock, vegetables, nursery stock, apples.
Industries: Printing and publishing, scientific instruments, electric equipment, machinery, chemical products, tourism.
State Symbols and Emblems
- Bird: Bluebird
- Flower: Rose (rosa)
- Tree: Sugar Maple (acer saccharum)
- Song(s): I Love New York
- Motto: Excelsior (Ever upward)
18,976,457 (401.9 mi2)
Geographic Area (mi2)
Rank 30th Largest
Pub & Prv Schools
College & University
Border States: Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
Illicit Drug Use
Youth Risk Survey
Housing: In New York, there are 7,679,307 housing units, averaging to 162.6 per sq mile.
New York Magazine
The New Yorker
Hudson Valley Magazine
New York Observer