( The Free State / The Old Line State )
It's believed that Lord Baltimore, who received a charter for the land in 1632, named the state after Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of King Charles I. One of the original 13 states to join the Union (in 1788), Maryland is in the middle of the Eastern Seaboard. The Mason and Dixon line - marking the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland - was drawn in the 1760s to settle a dispute between the Penn and Calvert families. In addition it is the traditional boundary between the North and the South. Chesapeake Bay, which cuts deep into Maryland, provides the state with several excellent harbors including Baltimore and Annapolis, the home of the United States Naval Academy. The long Chesapeake Bay shoreline offers opportunities for boating, fishing and swimming. Old mansions and historic sites throughout the state appeal to visitors. One of Maryland's most famous annual events is the Preakness Stakes, a horse race run each May at the Pimlico race track in Baltimore.
Some of the famous celebrities that were born in Maryland include:
The Flag of Maryland|
Ratified the Constitution in 1788 as the seventh State; flag adopted in 1904. The coat of arms of the Lords Baltimore unites symbols of the Calvert and Crossland families. Maryland has used similar flags since at least 1638.
Largest Cities in the State|
(2000) Baltimore, 651,154; Frederick, 52,767; Gaithersburg, 52,613; Bowie, 50,269; Rockville, 47,388; Hagerstown, 36,687; Annapolis, 35,838; College Park, 24,657; Salisbury, 23,743; Cumberland, 21,518
Business and Trade in Maryland
Agriculture: Seafood, poultry and eggs, dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, soybeans, corn.
Industries: Electric equipment, food processing, chemical products, printing and publishing, transportation equipment, machinery, primary metals, coal, tourism.
State Symbols and Emblems
- Bird: Baltimore Oriole
- Flower: Black-Eyed Susan (rudbeckia hirta)
- Tree: White Oak
- Song(s): Maryland, My Maryland
- Motto: Fatti Maschii Parole Femine (Manly deeds, womanly words)
5,296,486 (541.9 mi2)
Geographic Area (mi2)
Rank 42nd Largest
Pub & Prv Schools
College & University
Border States: Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia
Illicit Drug Use
Housing: In Maryland, there are 2,145,283 housing units, averaging to 219.5 per sq mile.