( The Corn State / The Hawkeye State )
Named for the Iowa River, which was named for the Iowa, or Ioway, Indians, Iowa joined the Union in 1846 as the 29th state. The state is also called "Hawkeye State" as a tribute to chief Black Hawk, leader of the Sac Indians, who after their unsuccessful fight against white settlers were relocated to Iowa. Iowa, with its fertile prairie lands and heavily agricultural economy, is often considered to be the typical Midwestern state. Although it is sometimes called the "Corn State," Iowa really is a breadbasket for the U.S., with 90 percent of its land devoted to farming. Hunting and fishing are among the most popular forms of outdoor recreation. Camping, hiking, riding, water sports activities, and other active kinds of recreation attract large numbers of people to the state's numerous parks. Iowa has sites of considerable historic or archaeological interest; one of the best-known is located at Effigy Mounds National Monument, in northeastern Iowa.
Some of the famous celebrities that were born in Iowa include:
Lara Flynn Boyle,
The Flag of Iowa|
Entered the Union in 1846 as the 29th State; flag adopted in 1921. The eagle and motto ribbon are found in the State seal. The stripes recall the French Tricolor since Iowa was acquired from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
Largest Cities in the State|
(2000) Des Moines, 198,682; Cedar Rapids, 120,758; Davenport, 98,359; Sioux City, 85,013; Waterloo, 68,747; Iowa City, 62,220; Council Bluffs, 58,268; Dubuque, 57,686; Ames, 50,731; West Des Moines, 46,403
Business and Trade in Iowa
Agriculture: Hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle, dairy products.
Industries: Food processing, machinery, electric equipment, chemical products, printing and publishing, primary metals.
State Symbols and Emblems
- Bird: Eastern Goldfinch
- Flower: Wild Prairie Rose (rosa pratincola)
- Tree: Oak (quercus)
- Song(s): The Song of Iowa
- Motto: Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain
Capital: Des Moines
2,926,324 (52.4 mi2)
Geographic Area (mi2)
Rank 23rd Largest
Pub & Prv Schools
College & University
Border States: Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wisconsin
Illicit Drug Use
Youth Risk Survey
Housing: In Iowa, there are 1,232,511 housing units, averaging to 22.1 per sq mile.