( The Centennial State )
The state's name comes from a Spanish word meaning "red" or "ruddy", the color of much of the state's terrain. Called the "Centennial State", because it became the 38th state when the U.S. turned 100 in 1876, Colorado is most closely associated with the Rocky Mountains and has numerous peaks over 14,000 feet. Prospectors discovered gold in the middle of the last century, and the mining booms beginning in the late 1850s spurred Colorado's initial growth. The state's economy broadened when irrigated agriculture developed, and by the late 19th century livestock raising had become important. Early industry was based on the processing of minerals and agricultural products. In the second half of the 20th century the industrial and service sectors have expanded greatly. The state's economy is diversified and is notable for its concentration of scientific research and high-technology industries. Denver is an important financial center. Colorado is a state of unusual natural beauty. The scenic wonders of the Rocky Mountains attract tourists in both summer and winter. In the summer and fall, visitors enjoy camping, hiking, hunting and fishing. Old mining towns and Native American cliff dwellings lure tourists interested in history. In winter, skiers visit famous Colorado resorts such as Aspen and Vail.
Some of the famous celebrities that were born in Colorado include:
The Flag of Colorado|
Entered the Union in 1876 as the 38th State; flag adopted in 1911, modified in 1964. Yellow and white refer to the mining of gold and silver, while these colors plus blue are found in the Rocky Mountain columbine, the State flower. Red is also for the Spanish word for that color - colorado.
Largest Cities in the State|
(2000) Denver, 554,636; Colorado Springs, 360,890; Aurora, 276,393; Lakewood, 144,126; Fort Collins, 118,652; Arvada, 102,153; Pueblo, 102,121; Westminster, 100,940; Boulder, 94,673 Thornton, 82,384
Business and Trade in Colorado
Agriculture: Cattle, wheat, dairy products, corn, hay.
Industries: Scientific instruments, food processing, transportation equipment, machinery, chemical products, gold and other mining, tourism.
State Symbols and Emblems
- Bird: Lark Bunting
- Flower: Rocky Mountain Columbine (aquilegia caerules)
- Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce (picea pungens)
- Song(s): Where the Columbines Grow
- Motto: Nil Sine Numine (Nothing without Providence)
4,301,261 (41.5 mi2)
Geographic Area (mi2)
Rank 8th Largest
Pub & Prv Schools
College & University
Border States: Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming
Illicit Drug Use
Youth Risk Survey
Housing: In Colorado, there are 1,808,037 housing units, averaging to 17.4 per sq mile.