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Learn more about Vietnam.
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam
Population: 82,689,518 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Hanoi
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An Introduction to Vietnam
The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Independence was declared after World War II, but the French continued to rule until 1954 when they were defeated by Communist forces under Ho Chi Minh, who took control of the North. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South. Despite the return of peace, for over two decades the country experienced little economic growth because of conservative leadership policies. Since 2001, Vietnamese authorities have committed to economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. The country continues to experience protests from the Montagnard ethnic minority population of the Central Highlands over loss of land to Vietnamese settlers and religious persecution.

Vietnam map

Map of Vietnam ( Location ) : 16 00 N, 106 00 E, Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia. For additional reports and educational information specific to Vietnam, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Vietnamese Flag
Red with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Vietnam

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Vietnam.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.3%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 67.86 yrs - Male
    • 73.02 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 4.402 million (2003)

Televisions:
    • 3.57 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 8,200,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .vn

Did you know ... People from Vietnam are called Vietnamese
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook