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Learn more about Taiwan.
Flag of Taiwan Taiwan
Population: 22,749,838 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Taipei
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An Introduction to Taiwan
In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1946 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the native population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of eventual unification - as well as domestic political and economic reform.

Taiwan map

Map of Taiwan ( Location ) : 23 30 N, 121 00 E, Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China. For additional reports and educational information specific to Taiwan, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Chinese Flag
Red with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

Full Country Listing »  
Country References
Country profile data for Taiwan

  • Defense
  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • History
  • People
  • Political
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Taiwan.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 0.64%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 74.31 yrs - Male
    • 80.08 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 13.355 million (2003)

Televisions:
    • 8.8 million (1998)

Radios:
    • 16,000,000 (1994)

Internet Code:
    • .tw

Did you know ... People from Taiwan are called Chinese
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook