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Learn more about Sao Tome and Principe.
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome and Principe
Population: 181,565 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Sao Tome
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An Introduction to Sao Tome and Principe
Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. Although independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. Though the first free elections were held in 1991, the political environment has been one of continued instability with frequent changes in leadership and coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea is likely to have a significant impact on the country's economy.

Sao Tome and Principe map

Map of Sao Tome and Principe ( Location ) : 1 00 N, 7 00 E, Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon. For additional reports and educational information specific to Sao Tome and Principe, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Sao Tomean Flag
Three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia.

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Country profile data for Sao Tome and Principe

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
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Some interesting facts and figures about Sao Tome and Principe.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 3.18%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 65.11 yrs - Male
    • 68.21 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 7,000 (2003)

    • 23,000 (1997)

    • 38,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .st

Did you know ... People from Sao Tome and Principe are called Sao Tomeans

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook