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Learn more about Saudi Arabia.
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Population: 25,795,938 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Riyadh
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An Introduction to Saudi Arabia
In 1902, ABD AL-AZIZ bin Abd al-Rahman Al Saud captured Riyadh and set out on a 30-year campaign to unify the Arabian Peninsula. Today, the monarchy is ruled by a son of ABD AL-AZIZ, and the country's Basic Law stipulates that the throne shall remain in the hands of the aging sons and grandsons of the kingdom's founder. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and 400,000 refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. The continuing presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil after Operation Desert Storm remained a source of tension between the royal family and the public until the US military's near-complete withdrawal to neighboring Qatar in 2003. The first major terrorist attacks in Saudi Arabia in several years, which occurred in May and November 2003, prompted renewed efforts on the part of the Saudi government to counter domestic terrorism and extremism, which also coincided with a slight upsurge in media freedom and announcement of government plans to phase in partial political representation. A burgeoning population, aquifer depletion, and an economy largely dependent on petroleum output and prices are all ongoing governmental concerns.

Saudi Arabia map

Map of Saudi Arabia ( Location ) : 25 00 N, 45 00 E, Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen. For additional reports and educational information specific to Saudi Arabia, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Saudi Flag
Green, a traditional color in Islamic flags, with the Shahada or Muslim creed in large white Arabic script (translated as "There is no god but God; Muhammad is the Messenger of God") above a white horizontal saber (the tip points to the hoist side); design dates to the early twentieth century and is closely associated with the Al Saud family which established the kingdom in 1932.

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Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

Full Country Listing »  
Country References
Country profile data for Saudi Arabia

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Saudi Arabia.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 2.44%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 73.26 yrs - Male
    • 77.3 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 3,502,600 (2003)

Televisions:
    • 5.1 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 6,250,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .sa

Did you know ... People from Saudi Arabia are called Saudis
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook