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Learn more about Rwanda.
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda
Population: 7,954,013 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Kigali
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An Introduction to Rwanda
In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in the genocide of roughly 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime and ended the killing in July 1994, but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda.

Despite substantial international assistance and political reforms - including Rwanda's first local elections in March 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in August and September 2003, respectively - the country continues to struggle to boost investment and agricultural output and to foster reconciliation. A series of massive population displacements, a nagging Hutu extremist insurgency, and Rwandan involvement in two wars over the past four years in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo continue to hinder Rwanda's efforts.

Rwanda map

Map of Rwanda ( Location ) : 2 00 S, 30 00 E, Central Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. For additional reports and educational information specific to Rwanda, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Rwandan Flag
Three horizontal bands of sky blue (top, double width), yellow, and green, with a golden sun with 24 rays near the fly end of the blue band.

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Country profile data for Rwanda

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Rwanda.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.82%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 38.43 yrs - Male
    • 39.96 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 23,200 (2002)

Televisions:
    • (na

Radios:
    • 601,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .rw

Did you know ... People from Rwanda are called Rwandans
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook