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Learn more about Poland.
Flag of Poland Poland
Population: 38,626,349 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Warsaw
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An Introduction to Poland
Poland is an ancient nation that was conceived around the middle of the 10th century. Its golden age occurred in the 16th century. During the following century, the strengthening of the gentry and internal disorders weakened the nation. In a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland amongst themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency.

A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, but Poland currently suffers low GDP growth and high unemployment. Solidarity suffered a major defeat in the 2001 parliamentary elections when it failed to elect a single deputy to the lower house of Parliament, and the new leaders of the Solidarity Trade Union subsequently pledged to reduce the Trade Union's political role. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.

Poland map

Map of Poland ( Location ) : 52 00 N, 20 00 E, Central Europe, east of Germany. For additional reports and educational information specific to Poland, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Pole Flag
Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; similar to the flags of Indonesia and Monaco which are red (top) and white.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Poland

  • Defense
  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Poland.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 0.02%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 70.04 yrs - Male
    • 78.52 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 12.3 million (2003)

Televisions:
    • 13.05 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 20,200,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .pl

Did you know ... People from Poland are called Poles
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook