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Learn more about Nicaragua.
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua
Population: 5,359,759 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Managua
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An Introduction to Nicaragua
The Pacific Coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. Free elections in 1990, 1996, and again in 2001 saw the Sandinistas defeated. The country has slowly rebuilt its economy during the 1990s, but was hard hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998.

Nicaragua map

Map of Nicaragua ( Location ) : 13 00 N, 85 00 W, Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. For additional reports and educational information specific to Nicaragua, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Nicaraguan Flag
Three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), white, and blue with the national coat of arms centered in the white band; the coat of arms features a triangle encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on the top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom; similar to the flag of El Salvador, which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Honduras, which has five blue stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

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  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Nicaragua

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
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  • Issues
  • Military
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  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
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Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Nicaragua.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.97%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 67.99 yrs - Male
    • 72.16 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 171,600 (2002)

Televisions:
    • 320,000 (1997)

Radios:
    • 1,240,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .ni

Did you know ... People from Nicaragua are called Nicaraguans
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook