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Learn more about Mauritania.
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania
Population: 2,998,563 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Nouakchott
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An Introduction to Mauritania
Independent from France in 1960, Mauritania annexed the southern third of the former Spanish Sahara (now Western Sahara) in 1976, but relinquished it after three years of raids by the Polisario guerrilla front seeking independence for the territory. Opposition parties were legalized and a new constitution approved in 1991. Two multiparty presidential elections since then were widely seen as flawed, but October 2001 legislative and municipal elections were generally free and open. Mauritania remains, in reality, a one-party state. The country continues to experience ethnic tensions between its black minority population and the dominant Maur (Arab-Berber) populace.

Mauritania map

Map of Mauritania ( Location ) : 20 00 N, 12 00 W, Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara. For additional reports and educational information specific to Mauritania, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Mauritanian Flag
Green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam.

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Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

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  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Mauritania

  • Economy Intro
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • US Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Mauritania.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 2.91%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 50.15 yrs - Male
    • 54.56 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 31,500 (2002)

Televisions:
    • 87,000 (1998)

Radios:
    • 360,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .mr

Did you know ... People from Mauritania are called Mauritanians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook