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Learn more about Mongolia.
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia
Population: 2,751,314 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Ulaanbaatar
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An Introduction to Mongolia
The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Genghis KHAN they conquered a huge Eurasian empire. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing. A Communist regime was installed in 1924. During the early 1990s, the ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) gradually yielded its monopoly on power to the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC), which defeated the MPRP in a national election in 1996. Since then, elections returned the MPRP overwhelmingly to power in 2000 and ended in a split vote in 2004.

Mongolia map

Map of Mongolia ( Location ) : 46 00 N, 105 00 E, Northern Asia, between China and Russia. For additional reports and educational information specific to Mongolia, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Mongolian Flag
Three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol).

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Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Mongolia

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Mongolia.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.43%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 61.97 yrs - Male
    • 66.48 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 128,000 (2002)

Televisions:
    • 168,800 (1999)

Radios:
    • 155,900 (1999)

Internet Code:
    • .mn

Did you know ... People from Mongolia are called Mongolians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook