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Learn more about Kazakhstan.
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Population: 15,143,704 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Astana
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An Introduction to Kazakhstan
Native Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence in 1991 caused many of these newcomers to emigrate. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; achieving a sustainable economic growth outside the oil, gas, and mining sectors; and strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.

Kazakhstan map

Map of Kazakhstan ( Location ) : 48 00 N, 68 00 E, Central Asia, northwest of China ; a small portion west of the Ural River in eastern-most Europe. For additional reports and educational information specific to Kazakhstan, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Kazakhstani Flag
Sky blue background representing the endless sky and a gold sun with 32 rays soaring above a golden steppe eagle in the center; on the hoist side is a "national ornamentation" in gold.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

Full Country Listing »  
Country References
Country profile data for Kazakhstan

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Kazakhstan.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 0.26%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 60.72 yrs - Male
    • 71.73 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 2,081,900 (2002)

Televisions:
    • 3.88 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 6,470,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .kz

Did you know ... People from Kazakhstan are called Kazakhstanis
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook