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Learn more about Japan.
Flag of Japan Japan
Population: 127,333,002 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Tokyo
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An Introduction to Japan
In 1603, a Tokugawa shogunate (military dictatorship) ushered in a long period of isolation from foreign influence in order to secure its power. For 250 years this policy enabled Japan to enjoy stablity and a flowering of its indigenous culture. Following the Treaty of Kanagawa with the United States in 1854, Japan opened its ports and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1933 Manchuria was occupied and in 1937 a full-scale invasion of China was launched. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and a staunch ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, actual power rests in networks of powerful politicians, bureaucrats, and business executives. The economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth.

Japan map

Map of Japan ( Location ) : 36 00 N, 138 00 E, Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula. For additional reports and educational information specific to Japan, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Japanese Flag
White with a large red disk (representing the sun without rays) in the center.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

Full Country Listing »  
Country References
Country profile data for Japan

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Geography
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Japan.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 0.08%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 77.74 yrs - Male
    • 84.51 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 71.149 million (2002)

Televisions:
    • 86.5 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 120,500,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .jp

Did you know ... People from Japan are called Japanese
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook