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Learn more about Iran.
Flag of Iran Iran
Population: 69,018,924 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Tehran
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An Introduction to Iran
Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling shah was forced into exile. Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar. A group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran on 4 November 1979 and held it until 20 January 1981. During 1980-88, Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq over disputed territory. Over the past decade, popular dissatisfaction with the government, driven by demographic changes, restrictive social policies, and poor economic conditions, has been pressuring for political reform.

Iran map

Map of Iran ( Location ) : 32 00 N, 53 00 E, Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan. For additional reports and educational information specific to Iran, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Iranian Flag
Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red; the national emblem (a stylized representation of the word Allah in the shape of a tulip, a symbol of martyrdom) in red is centered in the white band; ALLAH AKBAR (God is Great) in white Arabic script is repeated 11 times along the bottom edge of the green band and 11 times along the top edge of the red band.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

Full Country Listing »  
Country References
Country profile data for Iran

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • Political
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Iran.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.07%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 68.31 yrs - Male
    • 71.07 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 14,571,100 (2003)

Televisions:
    • 4.61 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 17,000,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .ir

Did you know ... People from Iran are called Iranians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook