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Learn more about India.
Flag of India India
Population: 1,065,070,607 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: New Delhi
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An Introduction to India
The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in the 12th were followed by European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism under Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU led to independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. Fundamental concerns in India include the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic and religious strife, all this despite impressive gains in economic investment and output.

India map

Map of India ( Location ) : 20 00 N, 77 00 E, Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan. For additional reports and educational information specific to India, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Indian Flag
Three equal horizontal bands of saffron (subdued orange) (top), white, and green with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band.

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

Full Country Listing »  
Country References
Country profile data for India

  • Defense
  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • Political
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about India.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.44%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 63.25 yrs - Male
    • 64.77 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 48.917 million (2003)

Televisions:
    • 63 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 116,000,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .in

Did you know ... People from India are called Indians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook