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Learn more about Haiti.
Flag of Haiti Haiti
Population: 7,656,166 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Port-au-Prince
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An Introduction to Haiti
The native Arawak Amerindians - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by Columbus in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola, and in 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island - Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean, but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE and after a prolonged struggle, became the first black republic to declare its independence in 1804. Haiti has been plagued by political violence for most of its history. It is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.

Haiti map

Map of Haiti ( Location ) : 19 00 N, 72 25 W, Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic. For additional reports and educational information specific to Haiti, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Haitian Flag
Two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength).

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Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Haiti

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Haiti.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.71%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 50.52 yrs - Male
    • 53.12 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 130,000 (2002)

Televisions:
    • 38,000 (1997)

Radios:
    • 415,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .ht

Did you know ... People from Haiti are called Haitians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook