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Learn more about Finland.
Flag of Finland Finland
Population: 5,214,512 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Helsinki
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An Introduction to Finland
Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It won its complete independence in 1917. During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and resist invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, the Finns made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now on par with Western Europe. As a member of the European Union, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999.

Finland map

Map of Finland ( Location ) : 64 00 N, 26 00 E, Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia. For additional reports and educational information specific to Finland, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Finn Flag
White with a blue cross extending to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag).

More Countries
Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Brazil
  6. Russia
  7. Pakistan
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Japan
10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

Full Country Listing »  
Country References
Country profile data for Finland

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
  • Travel Issues
 
Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Finland.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 0.18%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 74.73 yrs - Male
    • 81.89 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 2.548 million (2003)

Televisions:
    • 3.2 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 7,700,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .fi

Did you know ... People from Finland are called Finns
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook