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Learn more about Eritrea.
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea
Population: 4,447,307 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Asmara
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An Introduction to Eritrea
Eritrea was awarded to Ethiopia in 1952 as part of a federation. Ethiopia's annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating governmental forces; independence was overwhelmingly approved in a 1993 referendum. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices on 12 December 2000. Eritrea currently hosts a UN peacekeeping operation that is monitoring a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone on the border with Ethiopia. An international commission, organized to resolve the border dispute, posted its findings in 2002 but final demarcation is on hold due to Ethiopian objections.

Eritrea map

Map of Eritrea ( Location ) : 15 00 N, 39 00 E, Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan. For additional reports and educational information specific to Eritrea, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Eritrean Flag
Red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle.

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23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Eritrea

  • Defense
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  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Geography
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  • History
  • People
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Eritrea.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 2.57%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 51.32 yrs - Male
    • 54.12 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 38,100 (2003)

Televisions:
    • 1,000 (1997)

Radios:
    • 345,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .er

Did you know ... People from Eritrea are called Eritreans
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook