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Learn more about Cyprus.
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus
Population: 775,927 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Nicosia
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An Introduction to Cyprus
Independence from the UK was approved in 1960, with constitutional guarantees by the Greek Cypriot majority to the Turkish Cypriot minority. In 1974, a Greek-sponsored attempt to seize the government was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled almost 40% of the island. In 1983, the Turkish-held area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," but it is recognized only by Turkey. The latest two-year round of UN-brokered direct talks - between the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reach an agreement to reunite the divided island - ended when the Greek Cypriots rejected the UN unity plan in an April 2004 referendum. Although only the internationally recognized Greek Cypriot-controlled "Republic of Cyprus" joined the EU on 1 May 2004, every Cypriot carrying a Cyprus passport will have the status of a European citizen. However, Nicosia continues to oppose EU efforts to establish direct trade and economic links to northern Cyprus as a way of rewarding the Turkish Cypriot community for voting in favor of the UN unity plan.

Cyprus map

Map of Cyprus ( Location ) : 35 00 N, 33 00 E, Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey. For additional reports and educational information specific to Cyprus, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Cypriot Flag
White with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is derived from the Greek word for copper) above two green crossed olive branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities
note: the Turkish Cypriot flag has a horizontal red stripe at the top and bottom between which is a red crescent and red star on a white field.

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Country References
Country profile data for Cyprus

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Government
  • History
  • People
  • Political
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Cyprus.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 0.55%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 75.11 yrs - Male
    • 79.92 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • Greek Cypriot area: 427,400 (2002); Turkish Cypriot area: 86,228 (2002)

Televisions:
    • (na

Radios:
    • (na

Internet Code:
    • .cy

Did you know ... People from Cyprus are called Cypriots
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook