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Learn more about Cambodia.
Flag of Cambodia Cambodia
Population: 13,363,421 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Phnom Penh
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An Introduction to Cambodia
Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, whose Angkor Empire extended over much of Southeast Asia between the 10th and 14th centuries. Subsequently, attacks by the Thai and Vietnamese weakened the empire. In 1863, the king of Cambodia placed the country under French protection; it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia became independent within the French Union in 1948 and fully independent in 1953. After a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh in April 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; over 1.5 million displaced people died from execution, enforced hardships, or starvation. A 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy and the final elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The July 2003 elections were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed.

Cambodia map

Map of Cambodia ( Location ) : 13 00 N, 105 00 E, Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. For additional reports and educational information specific to Cambodia, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Cambodian Flag
Three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (double width), and blue with a white three-towered temple representing Angkor Wat outlined in black in the center of the red band; only national flag to incorporate a building in its design.

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Rankings of The Most Populous Countries in the World.

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  8. Bangladesh
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10. Nigeria
11. Mexico
12. Germany
13. Philippines
14. Vietnam
15. Egypt
16. Turkey
17. Iran
18. Ethiopia
19. Thailand
20. United Kingdom
21. France
22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Cambodia

  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Geography
  • History
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
  • Government
  • Health
  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
  • Human Rights
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Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Cambodia.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 1.8%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 55.71 yrs - Male
    • 61.23 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 35,400 (2002)

Televisions:
    • 94,000 (1997)

Radios:
    • 1,340,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .kh

Did you know ... People from Cambodia are called Cambodians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook