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Learn more about Bulgaria.
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
Population: 7,517,973 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Sofia
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An Introduction to Bulgaria
The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. Today, reforms and democratization keep Bulgaria on a path toward eventual integration into the EU. The country joined NATO in 2004.

Bulgaria map

Map of Bulgaria ( Location ) : 43 00 N, 25 00 E, Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey. For additional reports and educational information specific to Bulgaria, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Bulgarian Flag
Three equal horizontal bands of white (top), green, and red; the national emblem formerly on the hoist side of the white stripe has been removed - it contained a rampant lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red five-pointed star and above a ribbon bearing the dates 681 (first Bulgarian state established) and 1944 (liberation from Nazi control).

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10. Nigeria
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20. United Kingdom
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22. Italy
23. Congo
24. Ukraine
25. South Korea
26. South Africa
27. Burma
28. Colombia
29. Spain
30. Poland

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Country References
Country profile data for Bulgaria

  • Defense
  • Economy Intro
  • Economy
  • Flag Description
  • Geography
  • Government
  • History
  • US Relations
  • Foreign Relations
  • Religious Freedom
 

Tabular Data
  • Economy
  • Communications
  • Geography
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  • Issues
  • Military
  • People
  • Transportation
  • Chiefs of State
 
Additional Resources
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Countries Center »  

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Bulgaria.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • -0.92%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 68.14 yrs - Male
    • 75.59 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 2,868,200 (2002)

Televisions:
    • 3.31 million (1997)

Radios:
    • 4,510,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .bg

Did you know ... People from Bulgaria are called Bulgarians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook