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Learn more about Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Population: 4,007,608 (July 2004 est.)
Capital: Sarajevo
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An Introduction to Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991, was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Agreement retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a joint multi-ethnic and democratic government. This national government was charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government comprised of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS).

The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Office of the High Representative (OHR) was established to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission is to deter renewed hostilities. SFOR remains in place although troop levels are being reduced.

Bosnia and Herzegovina map

Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Location ) : 44 00 N, 18 00 E, Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia. For additional reports and educational information specific to Bosnia and Herzegovina, refer to the Country Info menubar to the upper right.

About the Flag The Bosnian and Herzegovinian Flag
A wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top of the flag; the remainder of the flag is medium blue with seven full five-pointed white stars and two half stars top and bottom along the hypotenuse of the triangle.

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Country profile data for Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Facts
Some interesting facts and figures about Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Pop Growth Rate / Year:
    • 0.45%

Avg. Life Expectancy:
    • 69.82 yrs - Male
    • 75.51 yrs - Female

Phone Lines:
    • 938,000 (2003)

Televisions:
    • (na

Radios:
    • 940,000 (1997)

Internet Code:
    • .ba

Did you know ... People from Bosnia and Herzegovina are called Bosnians and Herzegovinians
 

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Data Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2004 World Factbook